In an open letter released March 12, 2014, more than 500 economists voiced their agreement that increasing the federal minimum wage to $10.10 would not reduce poverty. The letter’s release coincided with hearings in the U.S. Senate’s Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee to debate raising the federal minimum wage. The letter notes that poverty is a complex issue and simply raising the minimum wage is not “a silver bullet solution.” The letter’s signatories include Nobel laureates Eugene Fama, Edward Prescott, and Vernon Smith along with a number of previous administration officials, among them Glenn Hubbard, Greg Mankiw, and Harvey Rosen, all past chairs of the Council of Economic Advisors. (The full letter and list of signatories is available here.)
Raising the minimum wage costs jobs for the very workers it is supposed to help. A recent study by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) found that the proposed increase would cost the economy 500,000 jobs by 2016. This outcome from raising the minimum wage agrees with previous work, including analysis that David Neumark and I wrote for the Show-Me Institute.
Missouri policymakers must consider the full impact of raising the minimum wage. It simply is not good public policy to raise wages for some individuals at the expense of other workers who are made even worse off than they are now. The minimum wage simply is not a viable policy tool to fight poverty.